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Bipolar Disorders

Have you ever felt like your emotions are taking over your life? If so, you may be experiencing a bipolar disorder. Here, we will explore the different types of bipolar disorder, their causes, symptoms, and treatments to help you understand how to recognize and manage them.

What is a Bipolar disorders?

Bipolar disorder are characterized by a significant shift in mood that disrupts daily activities. It is a mental health condition in which your emotional state or mood is distorted. People with bipolar disorder will experience significant changes in their energy level and behavior and face intense sadness, emptiness, or episodes of depression mixed with excessive happiness. It’s normal to have mood changes depending on the situation. However, to diagnose bipolar disorder, the symptoms must be present for several weeks or longer. 

Bipolar disorder

What are types of Bipolar disorders?

Bipolar I Disorder:

People who have been diagnosed with bipolar I disorder have gone through one or more instances of mania. Mania is a condition where there are significant changes in emotions, thoughts, energy levels, talkativeness, and activity. This can also lead to an excessively high or irritable mood. It is common for those with bipolar I to experience both manic and depressive episodes.

Bipolar II Disorder:

This disorder shares some similarities with bipolar I, as it also involves periods of depression. However, individuals with bipolar II also experience hypomania, which is a less severe form of mania. While manic episodes can be quite severe and disruptive, hypomanic phases are less intense. Despite these challenges, individuals with bipolar II are often able to handle daily responsibilities.

Cyclothymia Disorder (cyclothymia):

There is a type of bipolar disorder known as cyclothymia or cyclothymic disorder, which is less severe. This condition involves recurring episodes of hypomania and depression, leading to frequent mood swings. Individuals with cyclothymic disorder experience persistent mood instability, with moderate sadness and hypomania lasting for a minimum of two years.

Other Specified and Unspecified Bipolar Disorders:

Bipolar disorder can manifest in various ways, and this particular type is characterized by mood swings that cannot be classified under any other category. These mood swings can be severe and disruptive, impacting various aspects of an individual’s life.

What are the causes of bipolar disorders

Here are some possible causes of bipolar disorder:

Genetics-

Bipolar disorder, have a strong genetic component suggesting that it runs in families. Certain genes may make some people more sensitive to developing a bipolar disorder.

Brain chemistry-

Imbalances in specific chemicals in the brain can lead to bipolar disorder. Researchers have also discovered minor variations in the typical size or activation of specific brain regions in patients with bipolar disorder.

Life events-

Traumatic life experiences, such as the loss of a loved one, or neglect, can trigger the onset of a bipolar disorder.

How is bipolar disorders treated?

Bipolar disorder can be effectively treated with a combination of therapy, medication, and lifestyle changes. The treatment technique will depend on the type and severity of the disorder, as well as the individual’s preferences and needs. Here are some common treatment options for bipolar disorder:

Medication:

Antidepressants, mood stabilizers, and antipsychotic medications are commonly used to treat bipolar disorder. It’s important to follow the prescription provided by a mental health specialist psychiatrist regarding medication and dosage.

Therapy:

Different types of therapy, for instance, cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT),talk therapy and interpersonal therapy (IPT), can help individuals learn coping strategies, improve mood, and change thought patterns.

Lifestyle Changes:

Incorporating helpful lifestyle habits such as exercise, yoga, and meditation can contribute to overall well-being, reducing symptoms of bipolar disorder.

Support groups:

Becoming a member of a support group may give people a sense of belonging and make them feel less isolated.

Tips for Bipolar Disorder

Everyday tips for patients with bipolar disorders

We know that living with a bipolar disorder can be challenging, but it is not impossible to manage. If you or someone you know is dealing with such a condition, here are few valuable tips:

Remember, seeking help is brave, and taking control of your mental health is important. Share these tips with someone who can benefit from them.